The European Court of Justice rules on discrimination on the ground of sex

On 18th October 2017, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) issued a judgement in the case Ypourgos Esoterikon, Ypourgos Ethnikis Pedias kai Thriskevmaton v. Maria-Eleni Kalliri. In this case, the ECJ evaluated the possibility of sex discrimination within the recruitment practices of the Greek Police forces. Ms. Kallinri was refused in the application process for…

The European Court of Justice rules on delayed flights

On 7th September 2017 the European Court of Justice (ECJ) issued a judgement on the case of Birgit Bossen and Others v Brussels Airlines SA/NV. In this case, the ECJ discusses the concept of ‘distance’ that has to be interpreted when the route has connecting flights. The applicants of the case booked a trip from Rome…

ECJ decided that actions by armed conflicts can constitute terrorists acts

On 14th of March 2017 the European Court of Justice(ECJ) issued a preliminary ruling in the case C-158/14, A and Others v Minister van Buitenlandse Zaken. The Court decided that actions by armed forces during periods of armed conflicts, within the meaning of international humanitarian law, may constitute ‘terrorist acts’. According to the Netherlands authorities “A…

Billingual plates – the end or the beginning of history?

Three years ago the cases in the court were finished. They obligate the directors of local governments to pay fine for putting bilingual plates. From that time the compromise was held –  plates can be put up in private houses but public plates shall be written only in Lithuanian language. In the beginning of 2017…

CASE OF ALBRECHTAS v. LITHUANIA – Application no. 1886/06 (2016)

Facts: The case originated in an application against the Republic of Lithuania lodged with the Court under Article 34 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms by a Lithuanian national, Mr Alvydas Albrechtas, on 19 December 2005. The applicant alleged a breach of Article 5 of the Convention, arguing that,…

CASE OF ŽILINSKIENĖ v. LITHUANIA – Application no. 57675/09 (2015)

Facts: The case originated with an application against the Republic of Lithuania lodged with the Court under Article 34 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms by a Lithuanian national, Ms Kostancija Žilinskienė (herein referred to as ‘the applicant’), on 19 October 2009. The case involves a dispute about the…

CASE OF ARBAČIAUSKIENĖ v. LITHUANIA – Application no. 2971/08 (2016)

Facts: The case originated in an application against the Republic of Lithuania lodged with the Court under Article 34 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (“the Convention”) by a Lithuanian national, Ms Marija Arbačiauskienė (“the applicant”), on 9 January 2008. Issue: The applicant alleged that the domestic authorities had…

CASE OF YUSIV v. LITHUANIA – Application no. 55894/13 (2016)

Facts On the evening of 22 October 2011, the applicant, 16 years-old Ukrainian citizen, was arrested in Kaunas after an attempted runaway. He was suspected of committing a robbery earlier that evening. During the time in custody, the applicant got serious bruises in his body and afterward he had problems walking. The applicant claims that…

CASE OF BIRŽIETIS v. LITHUANIA – Application no. 49304/09 (2016)

Chamber Judgement 14 June 2016 Violation of Article 8 The Facts On November 2006 the applicant began serving a prison sentence at the Marijampolė Correctional Facility. In prison, he wanted to grow a beard for health reasons. He had been diagnosed with tongue cancer and he had undergone radiation treatment. Therefore, shaving irritated his skin.…

CASE OF KRAULAIDIS v. LITHUANIA – Application no. 76805/11 (2016)

Chamber JUDGMENT 8 November 2016 Violation of Article 3 of the Convention. The applicant invoked Article 6 § 1 and Article 13 of the Convention, but Court considers that the complaint falls under the procedural limb of Article 3 of the Convention. The facts The applicant, driving a motorcycle, collided with a car driven by…

CASE OF MISIUKONIS and OTHERS v. LITHUANIA – Application no. 49426/09 (2016)

Chamber Judgement 15 November 2016 -Violation of Article 1 of Protocol No. 1 The applicants, Jurgis Misiukonis, Birutė Misiukonienė, and Jurgita Visockienė, are Lithuanian nationals. Mr Misiukonis and Ms Misiukonienė are married. Ms Visockienė is their daughter, and lives in France. The case concerned payments made for certain property rights. On 26 January 2001, with…

CASE OF URBŠIENĖ and URBŠYS v. LITHUANIA – Application no. 16580/09 (2016)

Chamber Judgement 8 November 2016 Violation of Article 6 § 1 – on account of the refusal of legal aid The applicants, Rimanta Irena Urbšienė and Dalius Urbšys, are Lithuanian nationals who were born in 1963 and 1964 respectively and live in Kaunas (Lithuania). They are a married couple. The case concerned the fairness of…

CASE OF GEDRIMAS V. LITHUANIA – Application no. 21048/12 (2016)

Chamber Judgement 12 July 2016 Violation of Article 3 (inhuman treatment) (procedural limb) The applicant, Aleksandras Gedrimas, is a Lithuanian national who was born in 1950 and lives in Jonava (Lithuania). The case concerned his complaint of having been ill-treated by the police. Mr Gedrimas, who worked as a guard in a garage complex, was…

CASE OF BAKANOVA v. LITHUANIA – Application no. 11167/12 (2016)

Facts: Chamber judgement 31.5.2016 Violation of Article 2 (effective investigation) The applicant, Liudmila Bakanova, is a Lithuanian national who was born in 1951 and lives in Klaipėda (Lithuania). The case concerned her complaint about the investigation into her husband’s death (V.B) on board the ship where he had been working as mechanic. On the morning…

Juggling dual citizenship – the next opening

The citizens of Lithuania are already accustomed to the fact that one of their country’s crucial laws, which regulates Lithuanian citizenship, instead of being a guarantee of stability, is the subject of continuous alterations. Adopted in 1991, the citizenship law was altered 10 times prior to its expiration in 2003. The next law, adopted in…

CASE OF GRAUŽINIS v. LITHUANIA – Application no. 37975/97

Facts: Arminas Graužinis applied to the European Commission of Human Rights under former Article 25 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. Mr Graužinis alleged violations of Article 5 § 3 and 4 of the Convention in that he was repeatedly not brought before a judge and he could not contest the lawfulness…

CASE OF GRAUSLYS V. LITHUANIA – Application no. 36743/97

Facts: On 2 April 1997 Mr Algis Grauslys applied to the European Commission of Human Rights against the Republic of Lithuania under former Article 25 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. Mr Grauslys was a commercial director in a private company. He was suspected of fraud. On 4 October 1995 a criminal case…

CASE OF GIRDAUSKAS V. LITHUANIA – Application no. 70661/01

Facts: Mr Girdauskas complained under Article 6 § 1 (right to a trial within a reasonable time) of the length of the criminal proceedings. Mr Girdauskas was suspected of committing various financial irregularities. Criminal proceedings were initiated in light of these suspected irregularities on 15 May 1995. On 7 February 1997 the Kaunas City District…

CASE OF ŠLEŽEVIČIUS V. LITHUANIA – Application no. 55479/00

Facts: Mr Adolfas Šleževičius applied to the European Court of Human Rights against the Republic of Lithuania under Article 6 § 1 of the Convention (trial within a reasonable time). In January 1996 two members of the Seimas (Parliament) wrote letters to the Prosecutor General, requesting the initiation of criminal proceedings against Mr Šleževičius in connection with…

CASE OF ALEKSA V. LITHUANIA – Application no. 27576/05

Facts: Mr Aleksa applied to the European Court of Human Rights against the Republic of Lithuania under Article 6 § 1 of the Convention and Article 1 of Protocol No. 1 to the Convention. On 17 November 1992 the Kaunas City Board restored Mr Aleksa’s property rights to part of a building in Kaunas. In a decision given of…